The history of the appearance of carpet in our country shows that this product in Iran is almost 40 years old. At the beginning of the 1950s, the country's first domestic production carpet in velvet and silk fabrics of Kashan was woven and marketed by Jacquard velvet weaving machines, with a relatively short, lightweight, lightweight synthetic fibers. At the same time, some merchants, carpets with the same characteristics and somewhat better than Belgium came to the Iranian market and introduced the Iranian taste with the phenomenon of machine carpet. With the observation of the fairly good reception of the people from the carpet, the owners of the Behshahr industrial group (Lajvardi family), which were well-known manufacturers and investors, set up a large company called Kashan Industries Co. (Rawd Carpet), which its activities in the field Carpets and carpets were produced in the carpet, and its first product was marketed in 1353. This product was completely different from the previous ones and was very similar to the handmade carpet, which is especially well-known for its woolen type. Subsequently, other companies including Shahbaf Company, which was later renamed Gilan carpet, as well as Persian carpet companies and Mullen Rouge (Iran's role) and Ekbatan carpet were established and competed. This continued until the late 57's and rival carpet manufacturers were in competition. After confiscating the property and factories of a number of Iranian capitalists in the year 58, including the national companies (confiscated), existing carpet factories, as well as hundreds of other manufacturing units, are covered by the management of governmental organizations such as the National Iranian Industries Organization, the Mostazafan Foundation and veterans and ... Income And government administrators, often inexperienced and alien to industry, were assigned to managing these large and valuable factories, and since then the life curve of these factories has been slipping and falling. In the year 57, a number of textile and carpentry industry professionals, as well as some of the manufacturers that were active in other textile industries until that time, were thinking of creating new carpet units, and such factories as Soleyman carpet, Mashhad carpet, Shiraz carpet (Danaeq ), Mazandaran carpet, ancient carpet and desert star and a number of others in the corners of the country, and with machines of that time, such as Wendwil ALD61, AL1 and TEXTIMA, began to work from there, and from now on the evolution of the car carpet in the private sector and the one- The other big factories were covered by government agencies. With the gradual transfer of specialists working in large factories to new plants, a new competition in the field of machine carpet production has taken place among private sector units, but the fundamental transformation in the machine carpet industry in the country began in the year 65, which has led to the creation of more than 1,600 small units And a major manufacturer of carpets that are currently busy.
Method of production
Machine carpets are manufactured by a variety of machines, which can be used for Toccime, WondoWill, Shunhur and others. Any carpet can also be acrylic or BCF and a mixture of these two, or new fibers, synthetic (polyester). It should be noted that 100% acrylic carpets are of higher quality and higher price, but artificial silk carpets are now considered as the best flooring due to the unevenness and rinsing in the world market. As well as the carpets according to the shoulder 350 - 440 - 500 - 700 and 1000 shoulders. The density of the carpets can also be based on the type of machine and shoulder between 700 and 3500
Shoulder concept and congestion
Each carpet has two types of densities: transverse and longitudinal
Cross-sectional density of the carpet (shoulder): The number of roots (knot color) is expressed in one meter of the width of the carpet, known as the shoulder. For example, a 500-shoulder carpet means that weighing 500 roots (knot color) per meter of carpet width. The shoulders that are commonly on the market are: 220-250-280-320-350-380-400-440-500-700-1000s
Rug length density (density): The number of roots (knot color) is one meter in length of the carpet. For example, there are carpets with a density of 700, in one meter of the length of the carpet, equivalent to 700 roots (knot color) woven, densities commonly found on the market are: 300-400-500-600-700-800-900 -1000-1400-2550-3000-3200 ridge
Also, the longitudinal density differs according to the different methods of carpet weaving
Number of roots (knot color) per square meter of carpet: Crossing density multiplied by longitudinal density. For example, if the number of nodes in color is equal to 700 knots in length and equal to 900 knots, then the number of roots (knot color) in a square meter is 700*900=630000
Cities producing carpets
Machine carpets are located in most cities of the country but, depending on the facilities in some cities of the country, it is more abundant that Aran and Bidgol and Kashan can be the capital of Iranian carpet machine, which has more than 700 carpeting units in this city. Machine is active. Also, the production of carpet in Mashhad, Delijan, Yazd, Isfahan and Tehran, Maku is also impressive.
history of car carpet